TaRL classes introduce foundational skills through familiar content and practical materials. For example, when the class discusses a picture, they use a familiar scene, such as a village, market, or home similar to their own. In mathematics classes, children use sticks to learn number recognition and the concept of place value. Materials are low-cost and easily accessible. Instructors usually create their own materials and adapt them to suit their learners’ needs. Since learning materials are easily available, instructors are less likely to run out of them during the course of the year.This focus on everyday tasks, scenes, and materials helps children to draw on their own knowledge and experiences. Instructors encourage participation by asking for a child’s favourite word, letter or number, a story from her life, or a series of questions about her interests. Instructors often introduce new materials by encouraging a discussion about them.